Laksha Deepotsava (Makara Sankranthi Brahmotsava)
In the temple of Shri Ranganatha Swamy every year in the pushya month Makara Sankranthi Brahmotsava will be celebrated. On the sixth auspicious (Thirunal) day of Brahmotsava on account of Uttarayana (Auspicious Day) the Vaikunta door of the temple will be kept open for the devotees. On this auspicious day in the morning the deity of Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be fully decorated with butter. In the night the God will be dressed with Vaikuntamudi crown. Then the utsava of Shriranganatha S Swamy along with goddesses Shridevi and Bhoodevi will commence. First the uthsava will circumambulate around Shriranganatha Sannidhi (Katthalu mantapa) then inner prakara of the temple.
The festival will be celebrated with pomp and gaiety. More than 50000 devotees witness the Vaikunta Mudi festival (wearing of vaikunta crown). After this devotees will get the darshan of Shri Ranganatha fully decorated with butter and proceed to get the darshan and b ings of goddess Shri Ranganayaki. Thereafter they will proceed through Vaikunta dwara (Vaikunta door) to get the darshan of Shri Prasanna Venkata Ramana Swamy which is located outer prakara of Shri Ranganata Swamy Temple. On this Makara Sankranthi Day in the night with the help of the general public / civilians. Laksha Deepotsava will be celebrated in front of the temple with pomp and gaiety. This Laksha Deepotsava is very attractive and beautiful. On this occasion Rajagopura (huge tower) of the temple as well as the entire road of Shrirangapattana will be decorated with different types of electrical lighting. It is a practice to light 1 lakh lamps/lights on this festive occasion and the expenses incurred in this connection will be borne by the large number of devotees. This is a beautiful, attractive and unforgettable scene to witness. After three days of Laksha Deepotsava small chariot Rathothsava (Chickka Rathothsava) of Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be held.
Ratha Sapthami Brahmotsava
Every year on Shukla Sapthami in magha masa the Dodda Rathothsava (big chariot festival) of Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be celebrated. The festival commences with Ankurarpane, hoisting of Rathosava flag followed by different Uthsava in the night inside the premises of Shri Ranganatha Swamy Temple. On the 5th auspicious day (Thirunal) reading of Prahladotsava Purana (story) are conducted. On the 6th auspicious Day (Thirunal) Gajendra Moksha Utsava will be performed. On 7th day morning at 6 6:00 AM Soorya Mandal Vahanotsava will be performed. Gajalakshmi utsava will be performed to Goddess Shridevi taking in a procession along the main roads of the town. After that Mantopothsava will be performed to Lord and Shridevi.
Around 1:00 PM after special pooja the lord will be seated in the chariot Rathothsava will be performed pulling the chariot one round in Ratha beedhi around the temple. On this occasion thousands of devotees from different parts assemble in the temple to witness the Rathothsava and it is a followed custom to throw fruits/ Jawana (a kind of fragrant plant). On the ninth day (thirunal) a Avabrutha Snana (bath) seva will be performed followed by descending of flag which ends the Brahma Rathothsava.
Magha Shuddha Poornima
In this holy temple of Shri Ranganatha Swamy there is a importance for taking bath in the Cauvery river on the full moon (Pournime) day of Magha month. On this day thousands of devoted from different places visit the temple and take a holy dip (Punya Snana) in Cauvery river and get the darshan of Shri Ranganatha Swamy. On this day special seva termed as Pushpangi seva as well as other sevasare performed to Venktaramana Swamy located in the inner parka of the temple.
Shriranga Jayanthi is considered to be one of the important festivals in Shri Ranganatha Swamy temple. This festival is celebrated on Sapthami day during Vaishaka Shuddha (Some time the festival is celebrated on chaitra Shuddha Sapthami). Ranga Jayanthi is celebrated every year on the day on which Shri Ranganatha Swamy ensconce here. On account of Shri Ranganatha Jayanthi in the morning special ritual baths will be offered to Shriranganatha Swamy and Shri Ranganayaki followed by Arishin na seva (Pating with turmeric powder). In the afternoon free meals (Annasantharpane) will be distributed to the devotees.
In the night at 7:20 PM a crown known as Shri Ranga Mudi (Studded with precious pearls and stones) will be adorned to Shri Ranganatha Swamy alomg with different types of ornaments. Special types of floral decorations will be offered to Lord. Then utsava will be performed by taking the procession in the main streets of the town along with musical instruments and special Nadaswara. The Ranga Jayanthi will be celebrated with pomp and gaiety.
Uyyalotsava will be celebrated to Lord Shrirangatha swamy with pomp for five days starting from Prathama Ekadashi of Ashada Masa (month). On the sixth and seventh day Uyyalotsava will be celebrated to Goddess Shri Ranganayaki and Shri Krishna Swamy respectively.
Vedanthacharya Thirunakshathra is celebrated either on “Shuddha Shravana Nakshatra” in Bhadrapada or Shuddha Shravana Nakshatra in Ashwija Masa. On this occasion in the proximity of Vedantha Deshika Upanishads, special types of poojas, uthsavas will be held for 11 days. After this Gandhapudi uthsava will be performed with grandeur.
Nava Rathri festival is celebrated for 9 days. This festival starts from Shuddha Padya in Ashwayuja month. During theses nine days special types of Poojas, festivals, Homa, Yaga (lighting of sacred fire) along with sacred offerings will be performed. On the Ayudha Pooja day palanquin uthsava will be performed to Shri Ranganatha Swamy taking procession in the main roads of Srirangapattana. On Vijayadashami day the festival will culminate by performing Shammi Pooja for the Shammi tree wh hich is in front of the temple.
Bangarada (Golden) Garudotsava
This festival will be celebrated on pournami (full moon day) day in Vaishaka masa. On this festive occasion the idol of god Garuda Measuring about eight feet height with plated gold will be fully decorated with flowers. Then the decorated deity of Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be seated on the Garuda and the procession will be taken in the main roads of Srirangapattana. This festival is celebrated with ardent belief that Shri Mannarayana used to b and his presence to sages, devotees wh hile traveling on Garuda.
On the Banks of Cauvery river in Shrirangapatana there are 8 important holy water streams. These holy water streams are as follows
1. Sambedaka (Shambhu Teertha) Teertha in the East Side
2. Moksha Theertha in the South East side
3. Brighu Theertha in the right side of South East direction
4. Galava Theertha in the middle of the flow of Cauvery river in the direction of south and west.
5. Palasha Theertha in the west direction
6. Bilwa Theertha in the north east direction.
7. Shukha Theertha (Rasala Theertha) at the bottom of the feet Shree Ranganatha Swamy
8. KadambaTheertha in the north direction.
It is believed that great sages had performed penance near these eight streams of water to get the b ings of God Shri Ranganatha Swamy. On Dashami in Ashwija masa every year (or Shuddha dashami in Karnataka month) Ashta Teerthotsava will be celebrated. On this day AT 7:00 AM in the morning the deity of Ranganatha Swamy will be seated in a silver palanquin(silver Pallakki) and will be taken in a procession to these 8 holy places. After performing ritual bath at each place the procession reaches temple around 8:00 PM covering a distance of around 32 Kms. On this auspicious day thousands of devotees accompany the procession and take holy dip in these 8 holy water streams and get the darshana of God Shri Ranganatha Swamy.
Pushpa Brindavanotsava will be celebrated every year on Shuddha Dwadashi during Karthika masa (month). It is very attractive festival and very dearer to Shri Ranganatha Swamy. An artificial Brindavana made of wood is decorated with Chrysanthemum flowers and other types. Later the decorated deity of Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be seated on Brindavan. The deity will be taken in procession along the main roads of Srirangapattana. The importance of this festival is to signify the love of L Lord Shree Mannarayana For the Tulasi Brindavan. Hence this festival is celebrated with grandeur. It is revealed from the evidence that this festival was celebrated with grandeur and gaiety during the rule of scion of Mysore.
Jeeyar Thirunakshathra is celebrated on Moola Nakshathra day in Shuddha Karthika masa. This festival is celebrated for eleven days. During these eleven days special types of poojas, parayana and ritual baths will be offered to the deity. Along with the festival deity of Jeeyar, Gandha Pudi Uthsava will be performed to Shree Ranganatha Swamy.
Kotarotsava is celebrated in the temple on Marghashiramasa (month) from 4th January to 13th January every year. During these ten days every day special decorations (Alankara) will be done to Shriranganatha Swamy and Kotarotsava is celebrated. Every day during the Kotarothsava Vedas are read. Also during Kotarotsava Shri Ranganatha Swamy will be decorated with Mohini alankar, Vaikunta Narayana Alankar. Besides during this festival the idols of Shri Jeeyar, Shri Deshikar will be taken in n procession on different days.
On this day ritual bath and special pooja will be offered to both the deities of Shri Ranganatha Swamy and Shri Ranganayaki.
This festival will be celebrated for days from panchami in Shuddha Chaitra.
Shri Nammalvar Thirunakshathra
Shri Nammalvar Thirunakshathra will be celebrated for eleven days during vaishaka masa (month) or jeshta (month)
Shri Narasimha Jayanathi
Narasimha Jayanthi will be celebrated on Chaturdashi in Shuddha Vaishaka masa.
Ashada Shuddha Pouranami
On this day Pushpangi seva will be celebrated to Shree Prasanna Venkataramana Swamy in which is located in inner prakara of the temple.
Cauvery Pooja is celebrated during Ashada Masa in Krishna Paksha. On this occasion the festival deity of Ranganatha Swamy will be taken in a procession to the banks of kavery river and special poojas will be offered to Cauvery River. Also there is a system of offering gift (bagina) to Cauvery river on this occasion.
Andal ThiruNakshatra is performed on Shuddha Bidige or thadige on Pubba Nakshatra day in Shravana masa.
Pavithrotsava will be celebrated for five days starting from Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha in Bhadrapadha masa (month)
During Deepavali festival special ritual baths will be offered to both Shri Ranganatha Swamy as well as Shri Ranganayaki. Also arishina seva (pasting of Turmeric paste) will be offered.